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Ask HN: What did you purchase that measurably improved your quality of life?

Mish Boyka

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Extra device chargers. Now wherever I sit around the house I have a cable nearby, I don’t have to be lugging them around everywhere. So worth.A power tower. Simple, doesn’t take up much space, but lets me do a variety of upper body exercises on-demand without having to set anything up. A great way to fit exercise into the day without friction.

A good rice cooker. Makes the rice perfectly every time without me having to think about timing.

A good wardrobe. Started getting compliments on how I dress all the time. I never cared about this very much, and that made me unaware that other people did care.

 

 

This year I upgraded my tool shed in the garden with the help of my brother and brother-in-law so I now have a fully insulated 3m2 office with painted plaster walls, wooden floor, my desk, a bookshelf and a filing cabinet.It makes such a huge difference now that I am not allowed to commute to work and have to work from home.

Other than that:

– my house

– basic tooling (hammer, saw, a set of common bits/wrenches/etc, caliper tools for the car, battery drill) that I have bough over the last 13 years.

 

 

This is very easy for me, I bought a Boosted Rev electric scooter last year. It cut my commute time nearly in half compared to biking to work (before covid), I don’t arrive hot and sweaty in summer and in winter a helmet with a visor keeps me totally warm. It is powerful and sturdy enough that my wife and I can ride together, now that’s how we get around Manhattan. All the benefits of a car + bike in a smaller package that can fold down to fit in the back of a taxi or be carried on the subway.I’ve said this here before I think, but the Segway inventor was claiming cities would be designed around it and everyone was laughing, but with an electric scooter I can totally see this happening.

 

 

I improved considerably my life by stopping to purchase things and living with very few possessions, eating organic wild food as much as possible
 

I’m not sure I could go that far but I agree I become much happier after I stopped buying tons of things (I have a closet full of microcontrollers, some of them I haven’t even unpacked…). Now I think well about each purchase, sometimes postponing it for months to make sure it’s something I really need. Works great.
 

Similar experience here. Also cause I have it on schedule it also indirectly forces me to keep things tidy so it can clean the floor without too many obstacles.
 

I’d say the first few years of owning a Roomba were magical, but recently a combination of too many children’s toys on the floor, and working from home has meant that I don’t use the daily-schedule any more.I have to remember to turn it on when I head out for a beer, go shopping, or do something else outside the home. There were a few days I was working from home, on a video-call, when the robot started cleaning away.

Wonderfully useful tools, but not at all quiet!

 

 

Supplements, especially L-DOPA (amazing mood improvement and libido boost), L-citrulline (libido and energy boost) and niacin.There are other supplements¹ in my stack but these three stand out as the effects are near immediate, measured in mere minutes/hours.

¹zinc methionine, L-taurine, Ashwagandha, Boswellia serrata, fish oil, cod liver oil, vitamins B1, B2, B6, B9, B12, C , D, K, calcium, resveratrol.

 

 

L-DOPA as well as L-Citrulline are Rx only, so you’re either outside of US/EU or you suffer from some condition that requires that medication.
 

A bidet to save on toilet paper and improvement the quality of your life. I learned about bidets from a HN post a few years ago. Any bidet is pretty good compared to nothing and they are surprisingly easy to install.
 

High quality floor standing speakers, although I would say the average person can get almost the same QOL improvement from $500 bookshelf speakers.I use them for music, movies/TV, watching videos on YouTube including technical ones, and even occasionally video conferencing.

Wearing headphones for more than 30 minutes is fatiguing and uncomfortable for me. Listening to people’s voices on tiny laptop or iPad speakers is even more annoying.

Hearing the bass and midrange in people’s voices makes them more intelligible, particularly if they have an accent. It’s just 100% more pleasant all around.

And this is purely an aesthetic thing, but it’s crazy to me that people seem to listen to music through their phone speaker, let alone their laptop speaker… to me it’s unrecognizable.

—-

Most people seem to be using the bluetooth speakers these days, which ~10 years ago were extremely bad IMO. Admittedly I found one that is pretty good recently.

But I still think it’s very much worth it to have real speakers with drivers, speaker wire, and an amplifier in your home. (Or a powered speaker, although your options are more limited there, and it’s more expensive.)

For traveling the right bluetooth speaker can be alright (there are many bad ones), but after a week of traveling my ears are “relieved” when I get to hear real audio again.

—-

Also: a single kettlebell for ~$45, which I almost think of as a stretching/circulation device, and a bicycle used for 10+ years.

 

 

Which speakers did you buy and which would you recommend for someone that feels overwhelmed by the entire industry?
 

Adding to that: a good amplifier that works well with the speakers. It took me a while to find one I liked (in my case it was an old Harman/Kardon PM645 Vxi, you can find it on ebay for under $200).
 

A futon.I used to regularly get cramps in my back when I slept, bought a futon, never had one since.

 

 

Tesla Model 3. ‘Measurably’ is subjective, but I graduated from a BMW 328i, which I loved dearly. The Model 3 is more fun in almost every way, and costs far, far less in maintenance. No gas stations, diamond lane, cost to operate is far less.
 

I’m tall and my knees/back are getting older. I went from a prius to a pickup. Sliding sideways into the truck vs dropping down into the car seems like a luxury every time I get in, and it’s been 2 years now.Bought a chef’s knife. I had tons of kitchen items from parents/grandparents, but somehow never had a chef’s knife. It gets used every day now.

Fifteen years after having my house built, I installed a ceiling fan in the bedroom and that has been wonderful.

 

 

Noise-canceling headphones. I recommend Bose QC35 IIs. You don’t realize how loud the world normally is until you take them off.
 

I own the Sony version of them, the wh-1000xm2. They have xm3 and I think xm4 now and they are all highly praised. I bring them with me basically everywhere. They’re especially incredible when flying.
 

Could I use them to cut off external noise that keeps me awake when I am trying to sleep?
 

Yup I sometimes accidentally fall asleep with mine on. The noise cancelling works even while not playing anything. Just make sure you don’t sleep on side and crush them but you should be fine as they’re pretty resilient to damage (except water).
 

Yes. Probably depends on the exact noise. I’ve used them to good effect on planes and when sleeping beside a snoring person.
 

best trick i know for this is to have another source of noise that you can tolerate (e.g. a fan). noise cancelling headphones are useful if you sleep on your back…
 

Books. A few handfuls of them, combined, made a magnitude of a difference in my quality of life.An incredible amount of similar content is available now in video and text form for free, but I think that the same ideas non-book form wouldn’t have had the same impact on me.

 

 

My variation on that is realizing that I know have enough money to buy the expensive, specialized, books I want to read without having to debate it with myself.Getting one or two book I love every month fills me with both joy and knowledge.

 

 

I’ve never created a reading list, so this was a fun exercise.Programming:

* Analyzing Computer System Performance with Perl::PDQ – Gunther

* The Mythical Man Month – Brooks

Philosophy:

* A Journey Around my Room – de Maistre

* Anger, Mercy, and Revenge – Seneca

* Schrödinger – What is Life?

* Man’s Search for Meaning – Frankl

* Essays – Montaigne

* Ethical Intuitionism – Huemer

* The Consolations of Philosophy – de Botton

* A Manual for Living – Epictetus

* Meditations – Aurelius

Psychology / Meaning / Purpose / Science:

* Purpose and Meaning in the Workplace – Dik, Byrne & Steger

* The Case Against Education – Caplan

* Selfish Reasons to Have More Kids – Caplan

* Dawkins – The Selfish Gene

* A Confession – Tolstoy

* Enlightenment Now – Pinker

* The Better Angels of our Nature – Pinker

* The Improving State of the World – Goklany

* The Skeptical Environmentalist – Lomborg

* Religion for Atheists – de Botton

* Ending Aging – de Grey

* Gut Feelings – Gigirenzer

Fiction:

* Heart of Darkness – Conrad

* Candide – Voltaire

* Brave New World – Huxley

* Selected Works – Goethe

* 1984 & Animal Farm – Orwell

Politics:

* Obedience to Authority – Milgram

* The Problem of Political Authority – Huemer

* The Communist Manifesto – Marx

* Socialism – von Mises

* Just One Child – Greenhalgh

* The God That Failed – Crossman

* Death by Government – Rummel

Thought-provoking:

* Free to Learn – Gray

* The Beautiful Tree – Tooley

* Education and the State – West

* The Machinery of Freedom – Friedman

* Against Intellectual Monopoly – Boldrine & Levine

* From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State – Beito

* The Not So Wild, Wild West – Hill

* More Guns, Less Crime – Lott

* Race & Economics – Williams

* Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men – Hummel

 

 

I’d say getting into wet-shaving has saved me a lot of money, and led to a more luxurious shave.The cost of safety-razor blades vs cartridge blades alone should makes it worth looking into.

 

 

Totally agree. My parents got me a Merkur Solingen Futur as a gift about a decade ago, which I’d never have considered buying on my own. I haven’t looked back since.
 

Agree 100%. A while back I decided one of the best ways I could improve my quality of life was to look at every object I use every day and slowly replace them all with the premium/BIFL versions.It has been a success, and my two safety blade razors are standout exemplars.

Another random one: a nice but basic digital kitchen timer. I no longer yell at Siri at 6:30 in the morning when it doesn’t understand my timer request!

 

 

A flight ticket.The last one was to Madrid. But really every time I go on a journey, I am surprised how much it improves my life quality.

Not only while I am traveling. But also afterwards, when I am back. The effect holds for quite a while.

 

 

How do you travel? Do you travel alone, do you meet people? To what part of the journey would you attribute the positive effect?
 

Spin Bike. Unbelievable how much my life has changed by being able to exercise while I take calls (at low speeds!), read, watch Netflix, etc.
 

Same for me. I found out at low speeds I can do creative work for 40 minutes, typing on my laptop. I need to take break then as I feel too tired (mentally and physically), but it feels great.
 

The best mattress you can afford is the single best investment you can make in your life. You spend 1/3 of your life asleep. Getting more high quality sleep has a direct impact on your mood, general health and personal productivity/effectiveness.
 

PS. Don’t buy memory foam, it doesn’t breathe well, makes you sweat and if its a thick layer of memory foam will make it impossible to turn on at night (you will sink into a stupid, sealed hole). A little layer of memory foam is bearable, but what would be the point then? The only reason they add it is marketing. A good breathable mattress is far better.
 

Your mileage may vary. I have a memory foam mattress and it works fine for me. I never noticed a particular sweating problem, haven’t noticed any problems turning over. But, then, I just try to pick a position and go to sleep. I don’t look for a comfortable position, per se, more of “I’ve conditioned myself to go to sleep when my body goes to this position”.
 

The good foam is called High Resiliance Foam. You can get it from foam stores that custom cut foam for reupholstery or custom upholstery. If you get it in 4″ or less layers you can even roll it up or fold it if you need to transport it (although the layers do move independently and can be a bit of a pain, although two layers lets you get a harder bottom layer and softer top layer). It is expensive but less than the really expensive mattresses (e.g. 8″ of king size via 2 twin XL size would be under $900 from where I purchased mine a couple of years ago, I’m not sure if they could do king or queen size as a single piece).As someone who has trouble sleeping I’ve found what I sleep on seems to make surprisingly little difference as long as it isn’t causing pain. Also, the breathable thing is likely a difference between cold sleepers and warm sleepers; as a cold sleeper I use a waterproofing layer and prefer that to a breathable mattress.

 

 

I find this very difficult. Every time I buy a mattress I buy one that I think is perfect, I sleep great on it, and then 10 months later I can’t seem to sleep on it without back pain.
 

A $5000 mattress for someone that can afford it really won’t make a big difference compared to a $500 one. What mattress you sleep on doesn’t really matter as long as you sleep well.
 

A Xiaomi Mi Pocket Magic Massager which I use almost daily. Because of decades of bad posture, I often have crippling tension in my neck muscles. After I discovered acupuncture, I realized that this small tens unit could provide a similar effect more conveniently.
 

My forearms get tight when I’m stressed or sleep deprived. I have one of those large “thumper” massagers (like the “Hangsun Handheld Neck Back Massager” on Amazon). When you use them, find the sore spot in your muscle very close to your elbow. Work that out with the massager.
 

Does it ever lead to tingling sensations in your hands? I was dealing with what I thought was cubical tunnel and noticed my forearms are always so tight
 

A dedicated high-end under-counter ice machine.Most of my family members and I tend to drink water all day long.

We have a reverse-osmosis water filter setup, which is great. For years we used it to fill up bottles that we stored in the refrigerator so we could have cold water through the day. But we had to constantly clean and refill the bottles, and it takes some time for them to get cold.

With a good ice machine, we just get some ice in a cup or thermos mug and we can instantly have as much cold water as we want. The high-end machine makes nice clear ice that does not taste any different than normal water when it melts. It’s just like store bought ice.

The fact that it is under the counter means it’s super easy to open it up, scoop some ice, and then fill the cup up with water from the reverse osmosis spout right behind it.

You end up with really great tasting cold water, instantly, and as much as you want. The thing apparently makes 35 lbs of ice per day.

It’s also nice for visitors, if they want pop or something and we didn’t think to put it in the refrigerator beforehand.

Unlike refrigerator ice, it never has a smell or taste to it. It’s just ice.

 

 

a Dishwasher.Before buying it I would spend 45 minutes every night doing dishes.

Now I load the dishwasher in 10 minutes tops and go to bed half an hour earlier!

More sleep => better humor in the morning => happier family

 

 

A friend of mine bought a tabletop dishwasher even though he has a perfectly good, standard-sized one in his spacious kitchen. He says that cleaning baby bottles and things every night was tiring him out. Now he loads it every night and turns on the Baby Steam mode that sterilizes the stuff after cleaning. Apparently, the dishwasher needs no connection to the faucet. Pour in water from the top and allow the dirty water to run into a bucket.
 

Yes. Bosch makes good ones, which allow you to switch the battery (and even exchange them with the batteries in their power tools).
 

I prefer the joy of using a great lightweight cordless vacuum over having a robot vacuum. Vacuuming has been one of the household chores that was delegated to me as a kid growing up, and the difference compared to extremely heavy corded vacuums makes the experience feel like house magic.
 

Seconded. The stick kind with a variety of heads, including a head for hardwood floors. Game changer, at least since having a kid.
 

Seconded. A while ago we had a bit of a windfall in the form of a Lowe’s gift card and so we splurged on a Dyson. It felt extravagant at the time but now we use it daily and it’s been well worth the investment.
 

Home powercage + Olympic weights. Having it myself basically removed all friction between me and exercise; no gym hour restriction, no need to share. It’s there whenever I want it.A good Bluetooth collar, or earbuds. I did find the collar an upgrade, quality matters (battery, and how much ambient noise it picks up), and they’re so much easier to not lose than wired earbuds. (haven’t tried wireless earbuds)

 

 

A split keyboard. Way, way better ergonomics. I got the Ergodox EZ one but just about any should do the trick. Made my back pain go away.
 

– Squat rack, barbell, weights and a bench (garage gym)– Premium (home) office chair

– Electric toothbrush

– Smart lighting with Apple Home support

 

 

Apple Airpod Pros — long battery life, near instant bluetooth tethering. Even other expensive headphones/earbuds (Bose) for instance could not compete with the ease of use, noise cancellation, and comfort.I don’t think about headphones anymore, they just work the way they’re supposed to.

 

 

Anyone would have a recommendation for a good choice of wireless earbuds (with a mic) for a Pixel phone?
 

I use Airpods on my Samsung Phone. You don’t need an iPhone to enjoy the best aspects of airpods.
 

I do love them, but the noise cancellation does bad things to bass and for my real low end stuff, produces a rattle? I turn it off when i want it full volume
 

The rattle is a defect. Apple will replace them.I got a pair months ago, after using gen-1 AirPods for a couple years. Soon the left AirPod Pro started rattling at certain frequencies. It got worse. I complained to Apple and they sent me a new left ‘Pod.

Soon the right one exhibited the same behavior. This time, I could hear the rattle if I tapped gently on it. Clearly something was physically loose inside it. Apple replace that one, too.

I had to argue a little, but less than with most tech support. Now I have two AirPod Pros that work perfectly.

 

 

I had noticeable distortion on mine. Used chat to talk to Apple tech support and they had me reset them and that made the distortion go away.I do get a squeal when pushing them into my ear canals which is a known problem with having noise cancellation on.

I find the Airpods Pro stay in my ears much better than the Airpods. And they seem pretty water resistant – the left one survived a bath in the dog’s water bowl when I was filling it.

 

 

Didn’t accept a bad coffee mug. Kept looking for the perfect coffee mug. Bought a great coffee mug – size, materials, heft, stability, aesthetics.My preference is stoneware, 12 oz, square-flared bottom, with abstract natural imagery. Pre-warmed before use.

 

 

We installed screens on the double doors on our “sun room” so that we could keep them open all summer. It was an inexpensive change that really improved our quality of life, as we’re at home much more.
 

A dishwasher.I spent the last 7 years doing dishes by hand due to lack of space in my Appartments. Then recently I found out there are things called “countertop” dishwashers which are half the size of normal ones and fit neatly onto your washing machine.

No longer having to spend 3-4 hours every week on doing the dishes really makes a big difference for me.

 

 

Full suite of good battery powered cordless tools. Can fix/build pretty much whatever I need around the house whenever I need.
 

I use my Ixo roughly once a week somewhere in the house. I’m not sure what more of a “suite” I could use.
 

Air FryerInstant Pot

Noise Cancelling Headphones

Pi-Hole

Custom Bed

Air Purifiers

Walking Treadmill (that turns my automated desk into a treadmill desk)

2-in-1 Shower Splitter

 

 

Surprised that nobody said iPhone yet, given the amount of commotion that exists at every new release.
 

A real fireplace in a cold climate.A siamese cat.

A Zojirushi water boiler.

A Nespresso machine (Not Keurig!).

A boat & a fishing rod.

 

 

An automated pet door. My dog loves to go in and out of the house every five minutes and whines annoyingly if he doesn’t.
 

I use uBlock Origin and PrivacyBadger (which are both free). Does Adguard work better/differently to justify the cost?
 

Not original poster but I recommend Adguard for your DNS: https://adguard.com/en/adguard-dns/overview.html I changed the router settings for the house six months ago and have had no complaints. We’ve got 3 teenagers doing online high school or university and no issues.Once in a great while I get a message from a site that says “we’ve detected you’re using an adblocker” but really no issues.

There’s no control over what is blocked or not blocked. That worried me but has turned out to work just fine. There are other solutions that do allow you to maintain a list but charge an annual fee.

https://duckduckgo.com/?t=ffab&q=adblocking+dns shows a lot more options than there were six months ago.

 

 

>Does Adguard work better/differently to justify the cost?I can’t comment on better as I haven’t used either of those products in anger or recently, but Adguard installs itself as a system app, not a browser plugin, and it just works. It’s become a standard install on new computers when I set them up. The only side effect I see of an average day is some pages taking a second or two longer before the first paint, presumably due to the quantity of ads removed.

For where I am, the cost of an evergreen licence for a single seat is less than an hour of work, it looks after itself, and I only see ads in Tor. Well worth the $.

 

 

Don’t use both. Use uBlock Origin. Never, ever use 2 ad blockers in a single layer (here, browser).Privacy Badger also changed how it works. Making it just another adblocker. So stick with uBO

 

 

More cables to load various devices at different places without carrying the cable: Work, home, car.
 

I bought a battery powered yellow light table lamp. Turning off the main room lamps in the night and using this a few hours before my bedtime, allows me to get asleep faster, while still being able to do minor tasks like reading books, office work etc.
 

PRK eye surgery. Why did I wait so long?Good, sturdy luggage.

A nice printer. Color laser with duplexing.

 

 

If you’re more into coffee and are on more of a budget, the Ninja 12-cup makes an excellent cup of coffee. Combine that with Eight-oclock whole bean Columbian Coffee and any cheap grinder. I prefer this to any coffee-shop coffee.
 

I bought an Amazfit Bip for every person in the family, it is very light, has an always-on translucent display and does not leak your data on the internet if you use Gadgetbridge.

Election

Why 780 retired generals and former national security leaders spoke out against Trump

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Donald Trump
Trump departs the White House for a photo op outside St. John’s Church on June 1, 2020. Walking behind the president are, from left, Attorney General William Barr, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (Patrick Semansky/AP)

On June 1, retired Army vice chief of staff Gen. Peter Chiarelli sat staring out at the Pacific Ocean in Gearhart, Ore., where his family had vacationed throughout his long military career. The peaceful scene was occasionally interrupted by the news flashing across the notebook computer in his lap. In a Rose Garden speech that afternoon, President Trump addressed the racial justice protests spreading across the nation after the brutal killing of George Floyd in police custody a week earlier.

In the speech, Trump proclaimed himself “your president of law and order,” and claimed the protests had been hijacked by “professional anarchists, violent mobs, arsonists, looters, criminals, rider rioters, antifa and others” intent on “domestic terror.” News cameras showed some of the hundreds of National Guard troops from around the country that had been sent to reinforce the D.C. Guard, and there were reports that 1,600 active-duty troops were on high alert just outside the capital. Privately, Trump was threatening to invoke the Insurrection Act in order to send thousands more active-duty troops onto the nation’s streets in a show of dominant military force, criticizing weak governors and mayors around the country for not doing more to forcefully stamp out the protests.

The television cameras shifted to a mostly peaceful crowd of protesters across Lafayette Park from the White House. Chiarelli sat up when a phalanx of federal police and National Guard troops suddenly marched into the peaceful crowd, backed by a small cavalry of Park Police on horseback. There were flash-bang explosions, clouds of tear gas and the crackle of pepper balls as riot police used shields and batons to pummel some in the crowd. A woman could be heard plaintively shouting above the din, “Why are you shooting at us?!”

After the crowd was dispersed, Chiarelli watched with growing alarm as President Trump strode purposefully across Lafayette Park flanked by Attorney General William Barr, Defense Secretary Mark Esper, and Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Chiarelli had served in combat with Milley in Iraq, and considered him a good friend. That Mark Milley would have known better than to appear at the president’s side in his camouflage uniform after a show of dominant force against protesters on the streets of America.

In front of historic Saint John’s Church, damaged by fire during earlier protests, Trump posed silently holding a bible aloft for a 2-minute photo op. At long last, President Trump had the image of the “American carnage” that he had promised to end in his inauguration speech, insisting that he alone could fix it.

Donald Trump
President Trump holds a Bible as he visits St. John’s Church across Lafayette Park from the White House on June 1, 2020. (Patrick Semansky/AP)

Along with a cadre of other retired generals, a very upset Peter Chiarelli decided to contact his old friend General Milley, the most senior uniformed leader in the country. After serving as commander of the 147.000 U.S. and coalition troops of Multi-National Corps – Iraq, Chiarelli as vice chief of the Army had led Defense Department efforts to treat post-traumatic stress, traumatic brain injury and suicide prevention. On his retirement in 2012, he became the first CEO of One Mind, which supports research into brain illnesses and injuries.

“That whole incident around Lafayette Square was stunning to me, because those were mostly peaceful demonstrators exercising a right guaranteed by the Constitution that I’ve sworn allegiance to throughout my entire career,” said Chiarelli in an interview. That allegiance is not given to a political party, Congress or the president of the United States, he noted, making the image of a uniformed chairman of the Joint Chiefs and the defense secretary at Trump’s side that day so alarming. General Milley later apologized for his presence in Lafayette Square, and Defense Secretary Mark Esper earned the president’s enmity by publicly opposing invocation of the Insurrection Act in order to use U.S. military troops to “dominate” the streets.

Along with more than 780 retired high-ranking officers and former national security leaders — including 22 retired four-star generals and admirals and five former secretaries of defense — Chiarelli signed an “Open Letter to America” endorsing Joe Biden for president. “We love our country,” the signatories wrote. “Unfortunately, we also fear for it.”

“Signing that letter was very hard for me to do, because I have never done that before or even given a dollar to a political campaign. Frankly, even as a retired general I didn’t think it was the right thing to do,” said Chiarelli, stressing that active-duty military officers are indoctrinated from a young age to remain strictly nonpartisan and apolitical. “But this president has assaulted the military justice system on behalf of individuals charged with war crimes. He has ended the career of service members like [impeachment witness Lt. Col. Alexander] Vindman for doing his duty and what was right. He has maligned mail-in voting as a fraud and suggested he might claim victory in a close election before all the ballots are counted, when as a service member I have voted absentee by mail my entire life. So like everyone else I’ve become numb after four years of this, but we have gone places in that time that I never dreamt we would go as a nation. I really do fear that the republic that I swore allegiance to is now under threat.”

Peter Chiarelli
Retired Gen. Peter Chiarelli. (Alastair Grant/AP)

Even among the cascade of scandals and controversies that have characterized the Trump presidency, the use of excessive force against mostly peaceful protesters near Lafayette Square, and the involvement of the top ranks of  the U.S. military, still stands out. The incident conjured a truly dystopian vision of a U.S. president not only willing but eager to use the world’s most powerful military to crush domestic protests and “dominate” the streets of America, one that an increasing number of retired generals and senior national security experts believe could become all too real in a second Trump term.

Lafayette Square was so alarming that it shook Trump’s former Defense Secretary, retired four-star Marine Gen. Jim Mattis, out of his long silence on the president’s leadership, writing afterwards that “Donald Trump is the first president in my lifetime who does not try to unite the American people — does not even pretend to try.”

Trump’s troubling authoritarian instincts, focus on image over substance, constant misuse and politicization of nonpartisan institutions and penchant for chaos were all on clear display in Lafayette Square, and the incident crystalized the concerns expressed in the open letter. Traditionally both active-duty and retired U.S. military and intelligence officials have steered clear of politics, but in mid-September the Trump campaign released a letter signed by 235 retired senior military officers endorsing the president for reelection with the claim that Americans’ “historic way of life is at stake” if the “socialists and Marxists” of the Democratic Party take control of the government.

The willingness of hundreds of career officers to break with tradition and speak out on behalf of one candidate reflects beliefs, on both sides, that the nation faces an uncertain future, facing the worst pandemic in over a century, the worst economic decline since the Great Depression and the worst racial unrest since the 1960s. To the signers of the “Open Letter to America,” a second Trump term would only make things worse.

Protestors
Protestors at Lafayette Park on June 1, 2020. (Ken Cedeno/Reuters)

“Over the last three-plus years, I’ve watched the Trump administration politicize the Department of Justice and eviscerate the State Department, and the situation in Lafayette Square made clear that if reelected, Trump will politicize the Defense Department as well,” said retired Rear Adm. Mike Smith, who was instrumental in organizing the “Open Letter to America.” “A lot of us who spent our careers in the military would rather have stayed out of politics, but we have a deep moral conviction that the country can’t afford to go through another four years of this kind of leadership.”

Already the Lafayette Square incident has sunk beneath a wave of subsequent controversies and scandals, including recent revelations in investigative reporter Bob Woodward’s book “Rage,” based on numerous on-the-record interviews with Trump, that the president knew early on about the deadly and extremely contagious nature of the COVID-19 virus, but chose to continually play down the threat; the revelations in an article in the Atlantic, backed by reporting by the Washington Post, Fox News and other outlets, that Trump has repeatedly shown contempt for U.S. service members killed in combat, including referring to fallen soldiers and marines in cemeteries overseas as “losers” and “suckers”; Trump’s bullying and hectoring performance in the first presidential debate that astounded viewers at home and abroad; the president’s decision to put the health and lives of his Secret Service detail in jeopardy for a photo op after he tested positive for the coronavirus; and Trump’s insistence that the presidential election weeks away will be “the most rigged” in history, and his refusal to commit to accepting its results and peacefully transfer power if he loses.

Civil-Military Dysfunction

Donald Trump and Melania Trump
Donald and Melania Trump celebrate Independence Day on the South Lawn of the White House, July 4, 2020. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

President Trump’s relationship with military commanders might have been an asset in his reelection campaign. He has increased defense spending each year of his presidency, with the United States on track to spend more on the military in 2020 (adjusted for inflation) than at any point since World War II, with the exception of a few years at the height of the Iraq War. Early in his term, Trump pleased commanders by relaxing battlefield restrictions in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and he ordered successful strikes that killed ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and Iranian Quds Force leader Qassem Soleimani.

As commander in chief, Trump also clearly revels in the pomp and spectacle of military parades, and in salutes to the troops. Yet from the early days of his presidency there were signs of severe tension between a president who has racked up an unprecedented 20,000 falsehoods since taking the oath, according to the Washington Post’s “Fact Checker,” and an institution built on the ethos that officers “will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do.” There were also early indications that Trump was willing to politicize the most stringently apolitical institution in the U.S. government, treating appearances with the troops like political rallies where he excoriated Democrats and signed “Make America Great Again” hats. Before the 2018 midterm elections, Trump alarmed senior military leaders by sending active-duty troops to the southern border to confront a ragtag caravan of asylum seekers and migrants in a nakedly political stunt, and he diverted Pentagon funds to build sections of the wall he promised that Mexico would pay for.

From the beginning of his term, Trump has also exhibited indifference bordering on contempt for the sacrifices and principle of selfless service that underlies the military profession. Many officers were willing to look past the five draft deferments Trump received during the Vietnam War, including one for a “bone spur” diagnosis from a New York podiatrist who reportedly rented an apartment from Trump’s father.

More troubling to many uniformed leaders was Trump’s belittling of the Muslim Gold Star parents of a slain U.S. soldier who criticized him during the 2016 Democratic National Convention, and the president’s casual dismissal of the wartime service of the late Sen. John McCain, a former Navy pilot who spent more than five years being tormented in the notorious “Hanoi Hilton” prison. “He’s not a war hero,” said candidate Trump, when he was feuding with the Arizona senator. “He was a war hero because he was captured. I like people who weren’t captured.”

Donald Trump
Then presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks at the Family Leadership Summit in Ames, Iowa, in July 2015. (Nat Harnik/AP)

In his first briefing inside the Pentagon’s classified “tank” with then Defense Secretary Mattis and the Joint Chiefs, Trump famously bristled at their arguments supporting NATO and ongoing operations in Afghanistan. “You’re all losers,” Trump reportedly said to a room full of four-star flag officers and combat veterans. “You don’t know how to win anymore.” After Mattis later resigned to protest Trump’s rash decision to pull U.S. troops out of Syria and abandon Kurdish allies in the fight against ISIS, Trump publicly dissed him as “the world’s most overrated general.”

“President Trump routinely shows disrespect towards exemplary leaders like Senator McCain, and towards General Jim Mattis, one of our very best,” said retired Marine Lt. General Frank Libutti, a combat veteran and Purple Heart recipient who signed the “Open Letter to America.” “It recalls his public ridicule of many of his top military and intelligence community leaders, and his insistence that he knows more about issues of national security than they do, which is nonsense. But what I found truly shocking were Trump’s comments about the Marines who sacrificed their lives for victory at Belleau Wood. I believe words count. Character counts. Temperament counts. And President Trump has shown himself beneath the dignity of the office.”

A seeming contempt for military service came through most clearly when Trump canceled a planned visit to a World War I military cemetery near Paris because of rain during a 2018 trip. Quoting four anonymous sources with firsthand knowledge of the discussion that day, the Atlantic’s editor in chief Jeffrey Goldberg reported that Trump said, “Why should I go to that cemetery? It’s filled with losers.” In a separate conversation on the same trip, Trump reportedly referred to the more than 1,800 Marines who lost their lives at Belleau Wood as “suckers” for getting killed. Fox News and the Washington Post later confirmed similar episodes of the president denigrating military service.

Retired Air Force Gen. Charles Boyd spent more than six years as a prisoner of war in North Vietnam, and he is the only Vietnam War POW to later reach four-star rank. “When I read the Atlantic article, I found it absolutely disgusting. The idea that the commander in chief holds those who serve under him with such contempt, just because they are not driven by the same desire for money and wealth as him, made me sick to my stomach. In all of my experiences in life, I’ve never known any group that is more honorable than military professionals, who sign an unlimited liability contract to sacrifice their lives if called to for this nation.”

In the past, Boyd has also opposed even retired flag officers endorsing candidates or becoming involved in partisan politics, but he made an exception this year by signing the “Open Letter to America.” “There’s a saying in the military that ‘officers eat last,’ which means that leadership is all about what’s best for your troops, and for the nation. President Trump has no concept of that kind of leadership. Everything he does is driven by what’s best for him personally, including casting doubt on any election results that don’t declare him the winner. That’s destructive to the very fiber of our democracy.”

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Twin Cities area youth sports coaches add COVID-19 protocols to daily routines

Emily walpole

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Mary Guzek is used to playing the role of “Team Mom” for her two sons’ Fridley youth football, basketball and baseball squads. Time was, that meant supplying snacks or filling water bottles.

But this fall, in the midst of a global pandemic, it means taking players’ temperatures before every practice and game, counseling parents of sick kids to keep them home and running down a checklist of whether any of the 22 players on the fifth-grade football team have a cough or feel short of breath.

“Unfortunately, it’s what we have had to do to make sure our kids can play,” said Guzek, whose boys are 12 and 10. “But it was worse in the spring, when seasons were canceled, and the kids were sad and depressed. Now, they can play.”

It’s hard enough for some parents to volunteer their time and energy at the end of a workday to coach youth sports. But with COVID-19 rapidly spreading, they’re now forced to do more than manage lineups and the Xs and Os to keep players on the field and the virus at bay.

Many parents and volunteer coaches across the metro have added COVID-19 protocols to their duties. Taking player temperatures, scrubbing down equipment and alternating practice times have, for most, become routine. Meanwhile, some park and recreation departments, not wanting to saddle volunteers with such responsibility, have moved away from traditional soccer and football games, offering instead skills camps run by paid staff members at a handful of hub sites.

Jayme Murphy, who focuses on COVID-19 issues for the Minnesota Amateur Sports Commission, said youth sports groups across the state spent much of the summer exploring ways they could safely play in the fall. Some, he said, were committed to playing out the season. Others created scaled-down versions of their usual offerings. Still others canceled seasons altogether.

Key to those decisions was determining whether coaches and parent volunteers would feel overwhelmed by the responsibility for keeping COVID-19 in check. The Minnesota Department of Health has issued 13 pages of guidelines for safely conducting youth and adult sports.

“The question for volunteers and parents to ask themselves is how comfortable are they with risk?” Murphy said. “If you’re uncomfortable with this, if you’re uncomfortable with your child’s participation in this, that’s ok.”

With COVID-19 cases continuing to rise across the state this fall, those comfort levels may be challenged even more as the winter sports season approaches.

Another way

In St. Paul, officials at the city’s Parks and Recreation department canceled sports at 26 recreation centers over the spring and summer. This fall, they replaced tackle football and competitive soccer with flag football and soccer skills programs hosted at six recreation centers.

They did so, because “we didn’t want to throw the responsibility for following those protocols onto volunteer coaches,” said Andy Rodriguez, recreation services manager.

By limiting offerings to six sites, supervised by city employees with help from coaches at Cretin-Derham Hall and the Sanneh Foundation, Rodriguez said the city can better control social distancing, sanitizing equipment and health screening. Nearly 600 kids, ages 3-14, registered for soccer in St. Paul, Rodriguez said. Almost 400 kids, ages 8-12, signed up for flag football.

“For the most part, the families we have been working with are just thankful for something for their kids to do in the fall,” he said.

Davis Vue who helped his 7-year-old son Memphis tie his shoes on a recent night, said he is one of the happy parents. The St. Paul native watched the coronavirus wipe out his own flag football league season, so he appreciates the city finding a way for Memphis to participate. It’s his son’s first year playing and he hasn’t missed a night, his father said.

“With this pandemic going on, I’m surprised Parks and Rec had this going on for kids,” Vue said. “I’m really glad they did.”

There’s also no tackle football in Minneapolis, where the city’s Park Board has offered flag football for young athletes 6-18. The soccer season has continued with a citywide schedule and volunteer coaches, said Mimi Kalb, director of Athletic Programs and Aquatics for the Minneapolis Park Board. Younger children — on 6U and 8U teams — are playing games in “smaller service areas” with city staff members conducting many of the COVID-19 protocols, she said.

Some coaches and players and families opted out of playing, “but for those who wanted to play, we tried to take a lot of the responsibility off the coaches,” she said. “Our park staff and league directors are doing a lot of that.”

Tim Grate, athletics program director for Minneapolis Parks and Recreation, said many coaches have successfully incorporated their new responsibilities.

“I’ve seen coaches who laid out cones to make sure [players are] social distancing,” he said. “I haven’t heard a lot of complaints.”

John Swanson, a Fridley varsity football coach who oversees more than 200 youth teams across the north metro, said about 30 % of them opted out of play due to COVID-19 concerns. Those that remained were committed to following all the necessary rules to keep playing.

“It’s one of the few things that still connects community,” he said. “Youth sports help us maintain that connectivity.”

Coaches and team moms and dads are keeping spreadsheets, taking temperatures, cleaning equipment, staggering practice nights and holding kids out if they show symptoms or test positive, he said. Teams have built time into their schedules to play makeup games when any had to quarantine for 14 days. So far, he said, there have been no COVID-19 cases transmitted on the football field.

“I don’t think we are asking the coaches to do too much,” Swanson said. “Volunteer coaches have proved they can do it.”

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tsla-ex991_57.pptx.htm

Mish Boyka

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Slide 1

Q3 2020 Update Exhibit 99.1

Slide 2

Highlights 03 Financial Summary04 Operational Summary06 Vehicle Capacity 07 Core Technology 08 Other Highlights09 Outlook10 Battery Day Highlights11 Photos & Charts13 Financial Statements23 Additional Information28

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The third quarter of 2020 was a record quarter on many levels. Over the past four quarters, we generated over $1.9B of free cash flow while spending $2.4B on new production capacity, service centers, Supercharging locations and other capital investments.  While we took additional SBC expense in Q3, our GAAP operating margin reached 9.2%. We are increasingly focused on our next phase of growth. Our most recent capacity expansion investments are now stabilizing with Model 3 in Shanghai achieving its designed production rate and Model Y in Fremont expected to reach capacity-level production soon. During this next phase, we are implementing more ambitious architectural changes to our products and factories to improve manufacturing cost and efficiency. We are also expanding our scope of manufacturing to include additional areas of insourcing. At Tesla Battery Day, we announced our plans to manufacture battery cells in-house to aid in our rapid expansion plan. We believe our new 4680 cells are an important step forward to reduce cost and improve capital efficiency, while improving performance. We continue to see growing interest in our cars, storage and solar products and remain focused on cost-efficiency while growing capacity as quickly as possible. $5.9B increase in our cash and cash equivalents in Q3 to $14.5B Operating cash flow less capex (free cash flow) of $1.4B in Q3 Cash Record vehicle deliveries, profitability and free cash flow Buildout of three new factories on three continents continues as planned First step of FSD beta rollout started in Oct. 2020 Profitability $809M GAAP operating income; 9.2% operating margin in Q3 $331M GAAP net income; $874M non-GAAP net income (ex-SBC) in Q3 SBC expense increased to $543M (driven by 2018 CEO award milestones) Operations S U M M A R Y H I G H L I G H T S 3 SBC = stock-based compensation

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F I N A N C I A L   S U M M A R Y (Unaudited) 4 ($ in millions, except percentages and per share data) Q3-2019 Q4-2019 Q1-2020 Q2-2020 Q3-2020 QoQ YoY Automotive revenues 5,353 6,368 5,132 5,179 7,611 47% 42%    of which regulatory credits 134 133 354 428 397 -7% 196% Automotive gross profit 1,222 1,434 1,311 1,317 2,105 60% 72% Automotive gross margin 22.8% 22.5% 25.5% 25.4% 27.7% 223 bp 483 bp               Total revenues 6,303 7,384 5,985 6,036 8,771 45% 39% Total gross profit 1,191 1,391 1,234 1,267 2,063 63% 73% Total GAAP gross margin 18.9% 18.8% 20.6% 21.0% 23.5% 253 bp 462 bp               Operating expenses 930 1,032 951 940 1,254 33% 35% Income from operations 261 359 283 327 809 147% 210% Operating margin 4.1% 4.9% 4.7% 5.4% 9.2% 381 bp 508 bp               Adjusted EBITDA 1,083 1,175 951 1,209 1,807 49% 67% Adjusted EBITDA margin 17.2% 15.9% 15.9% 20.0% 20.6% 57 bp 342 bp               Net income attributable to common stockholders (GAAP) 143 105 16 104 331 218% 131% Net income attributable to common stockholders (non-GAAP) 342 386 227 451 874 94% 156%               EPS attributable to common stockholders, diluted (GAAP) (1) 0.16 0.11 0.02 0.10 0.27 170% 69% EPS attributable to common stockholders, diluted (non-GAAP) (1) 0.37 0.41 0.23 0.44 0.76 73% 105%               Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 756 1,425 (440) 964 2,400 149% 217% Capital expenditures (385) (412) (455) (546) (1,005) 84% 161% Free cash flow 371 1,013 (895) 418 1,395 234% 276% Cash and cash equivalents 5,338 6,268 8,080 8,615 14,531 69% 172% (1) Prior period results have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the five-for-one stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend in August 2020. EPS = Earnings per share

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F I N A N C I A L   S U M M A R Y Revenue Profitability Cash Total revenue grew 39% YoY in Q3. This was achieved mainly through substantial growth in vehicle deliveries as well as growth in other parts of the business. At the same time, vehicle average selling price (ASP) declined slightly compared to the same period last year as our product mix continues to shift from Model S and Model X to the more affordable Model 3 and Model Y. Our operating income improved in Q3 to a record level of $809M, resulting in a 9.2% operating margin. This profit level was reached while we took increased SBC expense in Q3 attributable to the 2018 CEO award, of which $290M was triggered by a significant increase in share price and market capitalization and a new operational milestone becoming probable. Positive profit impacts included strong volume, better fixed cost absorption and continuous cost reduction.  Quarter-end cash and cash equivalents increased by $5.9B QoQ to $14.5B, driven mainly by our recent capital raise of $5.0B (average price of this offering was ~$449/share) combined with free cash flow of $1.4B and partially offset by reduced use of working capital credit lines. Since our days payable outstanding (DPO) are higher than days sales outstanding (DSO), revenue growth results in additional cash generation from working capital. DPO and DSO both declined sequentially in Q3 2020.  5

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Q3-2019 Q4-2019 Q1-2020 Q2-2020 Q3-2020 QoQ YoY Model S/X production 16,318 17,933 15,390 6,326 16,992 169% 4% Model 3/Y production 79,837 86,958 87,282 75,946 128,044 69% 60% Total production 96,155 104,891 102,672 82,272 145,036 76% 51% Model S/X deliveries 17,483 19,475 12,230 10,614 15,275 44% -13% Model 3/Y deliveries 79,703 92,620 76,266 80,277 124,318 55% 56% Total deliveries 97,186 112,095 88,496 90,891 139,593 54% 44%    of which subject to operating lease accounting 9,086 8,848 6,104 4,716 10,014 112% 10% Total end of quarter operating lease vehicle count 44,241 49,901 53,159 54,519 61,638 13% 39% Global vehicle inventory (days of supply)(1) 18 10 25 17 14 -18% -22% Solar deployed (MW) 43 54 35 27 57 111% 33% Storage deployed (MWh) 477 530 260 419 759 81% 59% Store and service locations 417 433 438 446 466 4% 12% Mobile service fleet 719 743 756 769 780 1% 8% Supercharger stations 1,653 1,821 1,917 2,035 2,181 7% 32% Supercharger connectors 14,658 16,104 17,007 18,100 19,437 7% 33% (1) Days of supply is calculated by dividing new car ending inventory by the quarter’s deliveries and using 75 trading days (aligned with Automotive News definition). 6 O P E R A T I O N A L   S U M M A R Y (Unaudited)

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Delivery percentage of locally-made vehicles* V E H I C L E C A P A C I T Y Fremont We have recently increased capacity of Model 3 / Model Y to 500,000 units a year. In order to do this, we restarted our second paint shop, installed the largest die-casting machine in the world and upgraded our Model Y general assembly line. Production should reach full capacity toward the end of this year or beginning of next year. Shanghai Model 3 production capacity has increased to 250,000 units a year. We reduced the price of Model 3 to 249,900 RMB after incentives, making it the lowest-price premium mid-sized sedan1 in China. This was enabled both by lower-cost batteries and an increased level of local procurement. As a result of this shift in cost and starting price, we recently added a third production shift to our Model 3 factory. Berlin-Brandenburg Construction of the Gigafactory in Berlin continues to progress rapidly. Buildings are under construction and equipment move-in will start over the coming weeks. At the same time, the Giga Berlin team continues to grow. Production is expected to start in 2021.  Installed Annual Capacity Current Status Fremont Model S / Model X         90,000 Production Model 3 / Model Y    500,000 Production Shanghai Model 3       250,000 Production Model Y – Construction Berlin Model 3 – In development Model Y – Construction Texas Model Y – Construction Cybertruck – In development United States Tesla Semi – In development Roadster – In development 7 Installed capacity ≠ Current production rate. Production rate depends on pace of factory ramp, supply chain ramp, downtime related to factory upgrades, national holidays and other factors. * Locally-made is defined as (i) cars made in Fremont and delivered in North America and (ii) cars made in China and delivered in China. 1 Premium mid-sized sedan segment in China defined as Audi A4, BMW 3-Series, Mercedes C-Class and Tesla Model 3.

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C O R E   T E C H N O L O G Y Autopilot & Full Self Driving (FSD) Our Autopilot team has been focused on a fundamental architectural rewrite of our neural networks and control algorithms. This rewrite will allow the remaining driving features to be released. In October, we sent the first FSD software update enabled by the rewrite to a limited number of Early Access Program users — City Streets. As we continue to collect data over time, the system will become more robust. Vehicle Software New software functionality was introduced since the start of Q3. In order to make our products safer from unauthorized access, we introduced the ability to enable 2-step verification via a smartphone. Additionally, among many other updates, we improved active suspension comfort, updated Powerwall-to-vehicle charging coordination and added an automated window close function and glovebox PIN access. Our Model Y AWD customers can now purchase a $2,000 software update that improves 0-60 mph time to just 4.3s.     Battery & Powertrain On September 22, we hosted Tesla Battery Day where we described a path to reducing battery pack cost per kWh by 56%, enabling production of a profitable $25,000 vehicle. This, in our view, is a critical component to exceed cost parity with internal combustion engine vehicles. Additionally, due to a simpler cell manufacturing process, we believe capex per GWh of battery capacity should decline by 69% compared to today’s production process.  How our vehicles see an intersection 8 How our Neural Net understands the same intersection (generalized approach for any unmapped intersection)

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O T H E R H I G H L I G H T S Energy Business Our energy storage business reached record deployments of 759 MWh in Q3. Megapack production continued to ramp at Gigafactory Nevada as production volumes more than doubled in Q3. Powerwall demand remains strong and is growing, particularly as our solar business grows as many customers include a Powerwall with their solar installation. Additionally, we are seeing accelerating interest in Powerwall as concerns with grid stability grow, particularly in California. We continue to believe that the energy business will ultimately be as large as our vehicle business. Our recently introduced strategy of low cost solar (at $1.49/watt in the US after tax credit) is starting to have an impact. Total solar deployments more than doubled in Q3 to 57 MW compared to the prior quarter, with Solar Roof deployments almost tripling sequentially. While not yet at scale, we recently demonstrated a ~1.5-day Solar Roof install, as shown below in the photos. For Solar Roof, installation time is a key area of focus to accelerate the growth of this program. We continue to onboard hundreds of electricians and roofers to grow this business. 9 7:30 am Noon 2:00 pm (the next day)

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O U T L O O K Volume Cash Flow Profit Product We have the capacity installed to produce and deliver 500,000 vehicles this year.  While achieving this goal has become more difficult, delivering half a million vehicles in 2020 remains our target. Achieving this target depends primarily on quarter over quarter increases in Model Y and Shanghai production, as well as further improvements in logistics and delivery efficiency at higher volume levels.  We should have sufficient liquidity to fund our product roadmap, long-term capacity expansion plans and other expenses.  For the trailing 12 months, we achieved an operating margin of 6.3%. We expect our operating margin will continue to grow over time, ultimately reaching industry-leading levels with capacity expansion and localization plans underway.  We are currently building Model Y capacity at Gigafactory Shanghai, Gigafactory Berlin and Gigafactory Texas, and remain on track to start deliveries from each location in 2021. Tesla Semi deliveries will also begin in 2021.  We continue to significantly invest in our product roadmap. 10

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B A T T E R Y D A Y H I G H L I G H T S

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Area of improvement Description Range Increase* $/kWh Cost Reduction* $/GWh Capex Reduction* Cell Design After considering every form factor and cell size across quantifiable factors, we deemed 80 mm height by 46 mm diameter cylindrical to be best These dimensions maximize vehicle range (pack level energy density) while minimizing manufacturing and product cost The challenge is that large diameter cylindrical cells easily overheat during supercharging We identified a tab-less design solution to resolve the overheating challenge and simplify manufacturing 16% 14% 7% Cell Factory Electrode Current electrode production process involves mixing liquids with cathode or anode powders and using massive machinery to coat and dry electrode New process allows going directly from cathode or anode powder to an electrode film 0% 18% 34% Winding Larger cells improve winder productivity Incorporates our tab-less design Assembly Large cells moving at high speed with simplification in process steps enables a single production line to have 20 GWh of capacity Formation Leveraging our power electronics to densify and reduce costs of the final charging and testing step of millions of cells Anode Material Silicon is a better anode material than graphite – stores 9x more lithium, but silicon expansion brings challenges Silicon used in anodes today is highly engineered and expensive Raw silicon with our coating design will cost just $1.20/kWh Expansion of silicon is managed by stabilizing surface and by creating an elastic binder network 20% 5% 4% Cathode Material We are taking a diversified cathode approach to maximize available supply options: all usable in our 4680 cells We are planning to manufacture cathode in-house, using far less water and reagents in a simplified production process Focus on local sourcing for each cell factory to avoid unnecessary transportation cost Actively pursuing pathways to vertically integrate lithium production for a portion of supply 4% 12% 16% Cell-Vehicle Integration Current EV design: cells to modules, modules to battery pack, battery pack to vehicle Future EV design: cells directly integrated into vehicle body with giga castings Battery is no longer carried as “luggage”, will provide new utility as a load-bearing frame element This unlocks high-efficiency factories and mechanical structures— best manufacturability, weight, range and cost 14% 7% 8% Projected Total Improvement 54% 56% 69% F I V E A R E A S O F F O C U S 12 * Our current projections.

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P H O T O S & C H A R T S

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G I G A F A C T O R Y   S H A N G H A I   –   M O D E L   Y   F A C T O R Y   ( F O R E G R O U N D ) ;   M O D E L   3   F A C T O R Y   ( B A C K G R O U N D ) 14

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G I G A F A C T O R Y S H A N G H A I – M O D E L Y D I E C A S T 15

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G I G A F A C T O R Y S H A N G H A I – M O D E L Y B O D Y S H O P 16

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G I G A F A C T O R Y S H A N G H A I – M O D E L Y P A I N T S H O P 17

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18 G I G A F A C T O R Y B E R L I N – M O D E L Y F A C T O R Y C O N S T R U C T I O N

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19 G I G A F A C T O R Y T E X A S

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20 M E G A P A C K P R O J E C T AT M O S S L A N D I N G

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Vehicle Deliveries (units) Net Income ($B) K E Y   M E T R I C S   Q U A R T E R L Y  (Unaudited) 21 Operating Cash Flow ($B) Free Cash Flow ($B)

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K E Y   M E T R I C S   T R A I L I N G   1 2   M O N T H S   ( T T M ) (Unaudited) Vehicle Deliveries (units) Operating Cash Flow ($B) Free Cash Flow ($B) Net Income ($B) 22

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F I N A N C I A L S T A T E M E N T S

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In millions of USD or shares as applicable, except per share data Q3-2019 Q4-2019 Q1-2020 Q2-2020 Q3-2020 REVENUES Automotive sales 5,132 6,143 4,893 4,911 7,346 Automotive leasing 221 225 239 268 265 Total automotive revenue 5,353 6,368 5,132 5,179 7,611 Energy generation and storage 402 436 293 370 579 Services and other 548 580 560 487 581 Total revenues 6,303 7,384 5,985 6,036 8,771 COST OF REVENUES           Automotive sales 4,014 4,815 3,699 3,714 5,361 Automotive leasing 117 119 122 148 145 Total automotive cost of revenues 4,131 4,934 3,821 3,862 5,506 Energy generation and storage 314 385 282 349 558 Services and other 667 674 648 558 644 Total cost of revenues 5,112 5,993 4,751 4,769 6,708 Gross profit 1,191 1,391 1,234 1,267 2,063 OPERATING EXPENSES           Research and development 334 345 324 279 366 Selling, general and administrative 596 699 627 661 888 Restructuring and other – (12) – – – Total operating expenses 930 1,032 951 940 1,254 INCOME FROM OPERATIONS 261 359 283 327 809 Interest income 15 10 10 8 6 Interest expense (185) (170) (169) (170) (163) Other income (expense), net 85 (25) (54) (15) (97) INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES 176 174 70 150 555 Provision for income taxes 26 42 2 21 186 NET INCOME 150 132 68 129 369 Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests 7 27 52 25 38 NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS 143 105 16 104 331 Less: Buy-out of noncontrolling interest – – – – 31 NET INCOME USED IN COMPUTING NET INCOME PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK 143 105 16 104 300 Net income per share of common stock attributable to common stockholders(1)           Basic $ 0.16 $ 0.12 $ 0.02 $ 0.11 $ 0.32 Diluted $ 0.16 $ 0.11 $ 0.02 $ 0.10 $ 0.27 Weighted average shares used in computing net income per share of common stock(1)           Basic 897 902 915 928 937 Diluted 922 935 994 1,036 1,105 S T A T E M E N T O F O P E R A T I O N S (Unaudited) 24 (1) Prior period results have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the five-for-one stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend in August 2020

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B A L A N C E   S H E E T (Unaudited) In millions of USD 30-Sep-19 31-Dec-19 31-Mar-20 30-Jun-20 30-Sep-20 ASSETS Current assets    Cash and cash equivalents 5,338 6,268 8,080 8,615 14,531    Accounts receivable, net 1,128 1,324 1,274 1,485 1,757    Inventory 3,581 3,552 4,494 4,018 4,218    Prepaid expenses and other current assets 893 959 1,045 1,218 1,238       Total current assets 10,940 12,103 14,893 15,336 21,744 Operating lease vehicles, net 2,253 2,447 2,527 2,524 2,742 Solar energy systems, net 6,168 6,138 6,106 6,069 6,025 Property, plant and equipment, net 10,190 10,396 10,638 11,009 11,848 Operating lease right-of-use assets 1,234 1,218 1,197 1,274 1,375 Goodwill and intangible assets, net 537 537 516 508 521 Other non-current assets 1,473 1,470 1,373 1,415 1,436      Total assets 32,795 34,309 37,250 38,135 45,691 LIABILITIES AND EQUITY Current liabilities    Accounts payable       3,468        3,771       3,970        3,638       4,958    Accrued liabilities and other        2,938        3,222        2,825        3,110        3,252    Deferred revenue 1,045 1,163 1,186 1,130 1,258    Customer deposits 665 726 788 713 708    Current portion of debt and finance leases (1) 2,030 1,785 3,217 3,679 3,126      Total current liabilities 10,146 10,667 11,986 12,270 13,302 Debt and finance leases, net of current portion (1) 11,313 11,634 10,666 10,416 10,559 Deferred revenue, net of current portion 1,140 1,207 1,199 1,198 1,233 Other long-term liabilities 2,714 2,691 2,667 2,870 3,049       Total liabilities 25,313 26,199 26,518 26,754 28,143 Redeemable noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries 600 643 632 613 608  Convertible senior notes              —              —  60  44 48 Total stockholders’ equity 6,040 6,618 9,173 9,855 16,031 Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries 842 849 867 869 861       Total liabilities and equity 32,795 34,309 37,250 38,135 45,691 (1) Breakdown of our debt is as follows:    Vehicle and energy product financing (non-recourse) 3,702 4,183 4,022 4,043 4,141    Other non-recourse debt 155 355 708 1,415 605    Recourse debt 7,882 7,263 7,600 7,106 7,448       Total debt excluding vehicle and energy product financing 8,037 7,618 8,308 8,521 8,053 25

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In millions of USD Q3-2019 Q4-2019 Q1-2020 Q2-2020 Q3-2020 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Net income 150  132  68  129  369  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities: Depreciation, amortization and impairment 530  577  553  567  584  Stock-based compensation 199  281  211  347  543  Other 69  204  175  167  269  Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of business combinations (192) 231  (1,447) (246) 635  Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 756  1,425  (440) 964  2,400  CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES Capital expenditures (385) (412) (455) (546) (1,005) Purchases of solar energy systems, net of sales (25) (37) (26) (20) (16) Purchase of intangible assets               —                —                —                —  (5) Receipt of government grants               —  46  1  —  —  Business combinations, net of cash acquired (76)               —                —                —  (13) Net cash used in investing activities (486) (403) (480) (566) (1,039) CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Net cash flows from debt activities (55) (591) 544  164  (630) Collateralized lease repayments (83) (87) (97) (71) (56) Net borrowings (repayments) under vehicle and solar financing 183  478  (160) 18  99  Net cash flows from noncontrolling interests – Auto 30  19  (8) (3) (31) Net cash flows from noncontrolling interests – Solar (28) 6  (40) (42) (49) Proceeds from issuances of common stock in public offerings, net of issuance costs               —                —  2,309                —  4,973  Other 71  96  160  57  144  Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 118  (79) 2,708  123  4,450  Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash (11) 14  (24) 38  86  Net increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash 377  957  1,764  559  5,897  Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 5,449  5,826  6,783  8,547  9,106  Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period 5,826  6,783  8,547  9,106  15,003  S T A T E M E N T   O F   C A S H   F L O W S  (Unaudited) 26

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In millions of USD or shares as applicable, except per share data Q3-2019 Q4-2019 Q1-2020 Q2-2020 Q3-2020           Net income attributable to common stockholders (GAAP) 143 105 16 104 331 Stock-based compensation expense 199 281 211 347 543 Net income attributable to common stockholders (non-GAAP) 342 386 227 451 874 Less: Buy-out of noncontrolling interest – – – – 31 Net income used in computing EPS attributable to common stockholders (non-GAAP) 342 386 227 451 843         EPS attributable to common stockholders, diluted (GAAP)(1) 0.16 0.11 0.02 0.10 0.27 Stock-based compensation expense per share(1) 0.21 0.30 0.21 0.34 0.49 EPS attributable to common stockholders, diluted (non-GAAP)(1) 0.37 0.41 0.23 0.44 0.76 Shares used in EPS calculation, diluted (GAAP and non-GAAP)(1) 922 935 994 1,036 1,105 Net income attributable to common stockholders (GAAP) 143 105 16 104 331 Interest expense 185 170 169 170 163 Provision for income taxes 26 42 2 21 186 Depreciation, amortization and impairment 530 577 553 567 584 Stock-based compensation expense 199 281 211 347 543 Adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP) 1,083 1,175 951 1,209 1,807 Total revenues 6,303 7,384 5,985 6,036 8,771 Adjusted EBITDA margin (non-GAAP)(2) 17.2% 15.9% 15.9% 20.0% 20.6%         Automotive gross margin (GAAP) 22.8% 22.5% 25.5% 25.4% 27.7% Less: Total regulatory credit revenue recognized 2.0% 1.6% 5.5% 6.7% 4.0% Automotive gross margin excluding regulatory credits (non-GAAP) 20.8% 20.9% 20.0% 18.7% 23.7% R e c o n c I l I a t I o n   o f   G A A P   t o   N o n – G A A P   F I n a n c I a l   I n f o r m a t I o n (Unaudited) 27 In millions of USD 4Q-2017 1Q-2018 2Q-2018 3Q-2018 4Q-2018 1Q-2019 2Q-2019 3Q-2019 4Q-2019 1Q-2020 2Q-2020 3Q-2020 Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (GAAP) 510 (398) (130) 1,391 1,235 (640) 864 756 1,425 (440) 964 2,400 Capital expenditures (787) (656) (610) (510) (325) (280) (250) (385) (412) (455) (546) (1,005) Free cash flow (non-GAAP) (277) (1,054) (740) 881 910 (920) 614 371 1,013 (895) 418 1,395                           In millions of USD 4Q-2017 1Q-2018 2Q-2018 3Q-2018 4Q-2018 1Q-2019 2Q-2019 3Q-2019 4Q-2019 1Q-2020 2Q-2020 3Q-2020 Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities – TTM (GAAP) (61) (389) (319) 1,373 2,098 1,856 2,850 2,215 2,405 2,605 2,705 4,349 Capital expenditures – TTM (3,415) (3,518) (3,169) (2,563) (2,101) (1,725) (1,365) (1,240) (1,327) (1,502) (1,798) (2,418) Free cash flow – TTM (non-GAAP) (3,476) (3,907) (3,488) (1,190) (3) 131 1,485 975 1,078 1,103 907 1,931 (1) Prior period results have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the five-for-one stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend in August 2020 (2) Adjusted EBITDA margin is Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues

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A D D I T I O N A L   I N F O R M A T I O N WEBCAST INFORMATION Tesla will provide a live webcast of its third quarter 2020 financial results conference call beginning at 2:30 p.m. PT on October 21, 2020 at ir.tesla.com. This webcast will also be available for replay for approximately one year thereafter.   CERTAIN TERMS When used in this update, certain terms have the following meanings. Our vehicle deliveries include only vehicles that have been transferred to end customers with all paperwork correctly completed. Our energy product deployment volume includes both customer units installed and equipment sales; we report installations at time of commissioning for storage projects or inspection for solar projects, and equipment sales at time of delivery. “Adjusted EBITDA” is equal to (i) net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders before (ii)(a) interest expense, (b) provision for income taxes, (c) depreciation, amortization and impairment and (d) stock-based compensation expense, which is the same measurement for this term pursuant to the performance-based stock option award granted to our CEO in 2018. “Free cash flow” is operating cash flow less capital expenditures. NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION Consolidated financial information has been presented in accordance with GAAP as well as on a non-GAAP basis to supplement our consolidated financial results. Our non-GAAP financial measures include non-GAAP automotive gross margin, non-GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders, non-GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders on a diluted per share basis (calculated using weighted average shares for GAAP diluted net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders), Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, and free cash flow. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal comparisons to Tesla’s historical performance as well as comparisons to the operating results of other companies. Management believes that it is useful to supplement its GAAP financial statements with this non-GAAP information because management uses such information internally for its operating, budgeting and financial planning purposes. Management also believes that presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures provides useful information to our investors regarding our financial condition and results of operations so that investors can see through the eyes of Tesla management regarding important financial metrics that Tesla uses to run the business, and allowing investors to better understand Tesla’s performance. Non-GAAP information is not prepared under a comprehensive set of accounting rules and therefore, should only be read in conjunction with financial information reported under U.S. GAAP when understanding Tesla’s operating performance. A reconciliation between GAAP and non-GAAP financial information is provided above.   FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS Certain statements in this update, including statements in the “Outlook” section; statements relating to the future development, production capacity and output rates, demand and market growth, deliveries, deployment, safety, range and other features and improvements, and timing of existing and future Tesla products and technologies such as Model 3, Model Y, Cybertruck, Tesla Semi, Roadster, Autopilot and Full Self Driving, our energy products and services such as Megapack, Solar Roof and Powerwall, and the battery cells we are developing and related technologies; statements regarding operating margin, spending and liquidity targets; statements regarding manufacturing and procurement improvements, cost reductions and efficiencies; statements regarding construction, expansion, improvements and/or ramp at the Tesla Factory, Gigafactory Shanghai, Gigafactory Berlin and Gigafactory Texas; and statements regarding our hiring targets are “forward-looking statements” that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations, and as a result of certain risks and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from those projected. The following important factors, without limitation, could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: uncertainties in future macroeconomic and regulatory conditions arising from the current global pandemic; the risk of delays in launching and manufacturing our products and features cost-effectively; our ability to grow our sales, delivery, installation, servicing and charging capabilities and effectively manage this growth; consumers’ willingness to adopt electric vehicles generally and our vehicles specifically; the ability of suppliers to deliver components according to schedules, prices, quality and volumes acceptable to us, and our ability to manage such components effectively; any issues with lithium-ion cells or other components manufactured at Gigafactory Nevada; our ability to build and ramp Gigafactory Shanghai, Gigafactory Berlin and Gigafactory Texas in accordance with our plans; our ability to procure supply of battery cells, including through our own manufacturing; risks relating to international expansion; any failures by Tesla products to perform as expected or if product recalls occur; the risk of product liability claims; competition in the automotive and energy product markets; our ability to maintain public credibility and confidence in our long-term business prospects; our ability to manage risks relating to our various product financing programs; the unavailability, reduction or elimination of government and economic incentives for electric vehicles and energy products; our ability to attract and retain key employees and qualified personnel and ramp our installation teams; our ability to maintain the security of our information and production and product systems; our compliance with various regulations and laws applicable to our operations and products, which may evolve from time to time; risks relating to our indebtedness and financing strategies; and adverse foreign exchange movements. More information on potential factors that could affect our financial results is included from time to time in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings and reports, including the risks identified under the section captioned “Risk Factors” in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on July 28, 2020. Tesla disclaims any obligation to update information contained in these forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. 28

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